By Victoria La'Prote
An advent to Theology offers a full of life, modern method of theological questions. It bargains with a few major theological concerns together with the Enlightenment, biblical feedback, issues of the Creeds, smooth causes of lifestyles and its questions, and rebuilding theology within the smooth international.
The method is basically "problem centered" within the feel that it seeks to investigate and discover the problems with sure features of Christian theology. The reader is requested to have interaction in and grapple with vital demanding situations to theology from the philosophical to the mental and sociological, together with philosophical demanding situations to theology from Plato to the current; the relevance of Creeds for modern theology; the clash among medical and spiritual motives of occasions; the life of different religions; and demanding situations from Marxism, liberalism, and feminism.
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Extra info for An Introduction to Theology
Jeremias, New Testament Theology (London: SCM Press, 1987), pp. , ch. 1. 11. , p. 11. 12. Carpenter, Jesus, p. 19. 13. ), The Myth of God Incarnate (London: SCM Press, 1993). 14. R. Trickett, `Imagination and belief ', God Incarnate: Story and Belief (London: SPCK, 1983), p. 36. 15. John Bowker, The Complete Bible Handbook (London: Dorling Kindersley, 1998), p. 305. 16. See A. McGrath, An Introduction to Christianity (Oxford: Blackwell, 1997), p. 174. ± 31 ± Chapter 3 Early Church controversies In the last chapter we saw how difficult it is to establish a complete understanding of the person of Jesus from the Gospel material.
Justin Martyr writes in his Apologia I in opposition to heathen gods: For not only was the truth of those matters established by Socrates among the Greeks by the application of reason [logos], but also among the barbarians by the Word [logos] himself who took the form and was made man, and received the name of Jesus Christ. Taught by him, we aver that these demons are not only not good, but wicked and unholy demons whose actions are inferior to those of mere men who set their hearts on virtue. 13 According to Justin, Greek and Jewish thinkers and prophets in the past can be regarded as Christians in that their teachings contain an element of truth imparted through the logos which has only received its fullest revelation through Jesus: ± 36 ± Early Church controversies We are taught that Christ is the First-born of God, and we have explained above that he is the Word (reason) of whom all mankind have a share, and those who lived according to reason are Christians, even though they were classed as atheists.
The Early Church exalted him as saviour and Lord, but became fundamentally concerned with two main issues: 1. The Oneness of God: how can one make sense of the relationship between Father, Son and Holy Spirit and still preserve the oneness of God? This issue revolved around the concept of the Trinity. 2. The Person of Christ: what do we mean when we talk about Jesus as both divine and human? How are these natures reconciled in one person? 2 As stated previously, this chapter is only involved in the latter issue, which produced much controversy, as we shall now see, in the second century.
An Introduction to Theology by Victoria La'Prote