By Patricia Melzer
Although set in different worlds populated through alien beings, technology fiction is a website the place people can critique and re-imagine the paradigms that form this global, from basics similar to the intercourse and gender of the physique to worldwide energy family between sexes, races, and countries. Feminist thinkers and writers are more and more spotting technology fiction's strength to shatter patriarchal and heterosexual norms, whereas the creators of technology fiction are bringing new intensity and complexity to the style through attractive with feminist theories and politics. This e-book maps the intersection of feminism and technology fiction via shut readings of technology fiction literature by means of Octavia E. Butler, Richard Calder, and Melissa Scott and the films "The Matrix" and the "Alien" sequence. Patricia Melzer analyzes how those authors and flicks signify debates and ideas in 3 components of feminist suggestion: identification and distinction, feminist opinions of technology and expertise, and the connection between gender identification, physique, and hope, together with the recent gender politics of queer wants, transgender, and intersexed our bodies and identities. She demonstrates that key political components form those debates, together with international capitalism and exploitative category relatives inside a turning out to be foreign approach; the influence of machine, business, and clinical applied sciences on women's lives and reproductive rights; and post-human embodiment as expressed via biotechnologies, the body/machine interface, and the commodification of hope. Melzer's research makes it transparent that feminist writings and readings of technological know-how fiction are a part of a feminist critique of latest energy relatives - and that the alien buildings (cyborgs, clones, androids, extraterrestrial beings, and hybrids) that populate post-modern technology fiction are as very likely empowering as they're threatening.
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Extra info for Alien Constructions: Science Fiction and Feminist Thought
Instead, contributors to the cyborg feminist debate opt for theoretical and practical models of ambivalence and ambiguity that undermine binary hierarchies and point to the complexity of relations. By embracing ambivalence and partiality instead of stability in terms of subjectivity, cyborg feminism insists on recognizing problematic tendencies within feminist thought that hold on to a notion of female subjectivity modeled after an enlightened modern subject. Cultural texts within this discussion are understood as tools of domination as well as of imagination and resistance; issues of representation and the production of meaning are central to cyborg feminism.
Forming the main focus of her complete body of work is her conceptualization of the economic, political, and social role of science and technology, or ‘‘technoscience,’’ which is examined in detail in her book Modest Witness. According to its ‘‘technological’’ deﬁnition, the cyborg is ‘‘a cybernetic organism, a hybrid of machine and organism’’; understood as a metaphor, this ﬁgure is simultaneously ‘‘a creature of social reality as well as a creature of ﬁction’’ (Haraway, ‘‘Manifesto’’ 149). Its existence derives from three major boundary dissolutions that threaten dualisms (Western thought’s primary system of social organizing): human 24 A LI E N C ON S T RU C T I O N S versus animal, organisms versus machines, and physical versus nonphysical (challenged, for example, by invisible technologies such as wireless technology).
Wild Seed and Kindred contain structures found in both the historical novel and the slave narrative,12 and stylistic elements of fantasy are present in Wild Seed, Patternmaster, and Mind of My Mind. Parable of the Sower and Parable of the Talents work with a ‘‘realist’’ symbolism that is grounded in the style of journal entries, and Parable of the Sower, in particular, resembles a coming-of-age novel. Survivor, Clay’s Ark, and the Xenogenesis trilogy work within an unambiguous science fiction framework of space flight and extraterrestrials.
Alien Constructions: Science Fiction and Feminist Thought by Patricia Melzer