By Qiguo Zhao, Jikun Huang
As one of many eighteen field-specific reviews comprising the excellent scope of the strategic normal record of the chinese language Academy of Sciences, this sub-report addresses long-range making plans for constructing technology and know-how within the box of agriculture. They every one craft a roadmap for his or her sphere of improvement to 2050. of their entirety, the final and sub-group reviews examine the evolution and legislation governing the improvement of technology and expertise, describe the decisive effect of technology and know-how at the modernization approach, are expecting that the realm is at the eve of an coming near near S&T revolution, and get in touch with for China to be totally ready for this new around of S&T development. in keeping with the unique examine of the calls for on S&T innovation in China’s modernization, the experiences draw a framework for 8 uncomplicated and strategic structures of socio-economic improvement with the help of technological know-how and know-how, determine China’s S&T roadmaps for the correct 8 simple and strategic structures in keeping with China’s truth, additional aspect S&T tasks of strategic value to China’s modernization, and supply S&T decision-makers with complete consultations for the improvement of S&T innovation in step with China’s fact. Supported via illustrations and tables of information, the experiences supply researchers, govt officers and marketers with suggestions relating study instructions, the making plans method, and funding. based in 1949, the chinese language Academy of Sciences is the nation’s maximum educational establishment in traditional sciences. Its significant duties are to behavior study in simple and technological sciences, to adopt national built-in surveys on average assets and ecological atmosphere, to supply the rustic with medical information and consultations for government’s decision-making, to adopt government-assigned initiatives with reference to key S&T difficulties within the means of socio-economic improvement, to start up team of workers education, and to advertise China’s high-tech organizations via its lively engagement in those components.
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Extra info for Agricultural Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050
6 Sources of cereal production growth, baseline, 2000-2050 ($3 (DVW $VLD DQG 3DFL¿F 6$ 6RXWK $VLD 6$ 6RXWK $VLD 0(1$ 0LGGOH (DVW DQG 1RUWK $IULFD /$& Latin American and Caribbean; SSA. 6 times, the demand for vegetables and sugar will increase by 75% and 1 fold respectively, and the demand for rice and wheat will slowly increase before presenting a declining trend. In addition, by 2050, the structure of demand for agricultural products in China will undergo fundamental changes. The main driving forces for the changes of the total volume of the demand for food and the demand structure are income growth, urbanization, and population growth.
The projection from Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy states that the measures to significantly expand cultivated area by reclamation to increase agricultural output from the 1950s to early 1980s have become history and will not occur much in the future. Even if the overall cultivated land did not reduce significantly, the total sown area of the three main cereals will continue on a downward trend that started in the late 90s, and this cultivated land area is expected to reduced to less than 660 million mu (15mu=1 hectare) by 2050, down by 13% compared to 2004 of which, except for a steady growth of the area of maize, rice and wheat area will decrease by 25-30% to 2050.
As the most active growing economies in the world, China will remain a rapid economic growth in the long term, and urbanization will continue to advance rapidly. Industrialization and urbanization will continue to occupy the limited available land. Meanwhile, to change the basic pattern, “local improvement, but overall deterioration”, of eco-environment in China, ecological land will continue to increase in the future. The potential for the development of reserved arable land in China is extremely limited.
Agricultural Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050 by Qiguo Zhao, Jikun Huang