By Kurt Baier (auth.), Nancy S. Jecker (eds.)
The getting older Self and the getting older Society moral matters concerning the aged have lately come to the fore. this could come as no shock: because the flip of the century, there was an eightfold in crease within the variety of americans over the age of sixty 5, and nearly a tripling in their percentage to the overall inhabitants. these over the age of eighty-five- the quickest growing to be workforce within the country-are twenty yet another instances as quite a few as in 1900. Demographers count on this development to speed up into the twenty-first century. The getting older of society casts into brilliant reduction a num ber of deep and troubling questions. at the one hand, as contributors, we grapple with the rapid event of getting older and mortality and search to discover in it philosophical or moral importance. We additionally ask yourself what responsi bilities we undergo towards getting older relations and what expectancies of others our plans for previous age can reasona bly comprise. nonetheless, as a group, we needs to come to a decision: What detailed function, if any, do older folks occupy in our society? What constitutes a simply distribution of scientific assets among generations? And, How can associations that serve the previous foster imperiled values, comparable to autonomy, self-respect, and dignity? only in the near past have we all started to discover those subject matters, but already a wealthy and fruitful literature has grown up round them.
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Additional info for Aging And Ethics: Philosophical Problems in Gerontology
246; and H. J. Paton (1955) The Modem Predicament, McMillan, New York, NY, pp. 69-71. l'For a discussion of this issue, see the eighteenth-century controversy between Deists and Theists, for instance, in L. Stephen (1902) History oj English Thought in the Eighteenth Century. , London, UK, pp. 112-119,13~163. See also the attacks by J. TolandandM. , parts of which are reprinted in H. Bettenson (1967) Documents ofthe Christian Church, Oxford University Press, New York, NY, pp. 426-431. For modern views maintaining that mysteriousness is an essential element in religion, see R.
Natural science claims to reveal, not the beginnings of things, but their underlying reality. It does not dig up the past; it digs down into the structure of things existing here and now. Some scientists do allow themselves to speculate, and rather precariously at that, about origins, but their hard work is done on the structure of what exists now. In particular, those explanations that are themselves further explained are not explanations linking event to event in a gapless chain reaching back to creation day, but generalizations of theories tending toward a unified theory.
They differ from the latter only in that they are more precise and more easily disprovable by the observation of facts. My main points dealt with the question why scientific explanations were thought to be merely provisional and partial. The first main reason is the misunderstanding of the difference between teleological and causal explanations. "questions. " questions. In other words, it is thought that all matters can and must be explained by both teleological and causal types of explanations.
Aging And Ethics: Philosophical Problems in Gerontology by Kurt Baier (auth.), Nancy S. Jecker (eds.)