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Additional info for African Economic Outlook 2005/2006
28 per cent of votes), Cape Verde, Benin, São Tomé and Principe, and before the end of the year they are planned in Angola, Côte d’Ivoire, DR Congo, Chad, Gambia, Gabon, Mauritania, Madagascar and Zambia. Conflicts and Political Troubles According to the AEO political trouble indicator (reported in the statistical appendix), political instability has been declining in 2005 throughout the continent and most notably in Algeria, Cameroon, Nigeria, and South Africa. Nevertheless, in the run up to, and aftermath of elections, political troubles tend to increase.
In Table 5, countries are classified into two categories: i) Achieved: the country has already achieved the target. ii) On track: the actual growth rate of the indicator is equal or higher than the required growth rate to achieve the target. Out of the 53 African countries, a satisfactory performance ratio is measured as the percentage of countries that has achieved or is on track to achieve the target. On current trends, it gives an idea of the percentage of countries that should meet the target in 2015.
A concept developed in South Africa to describe the poor accessibility and mobility characteristics of the townships, “stranded mobility” connotes both the lack of adequate transport to service locations and the absence of adequate services in the township locations themselves. See Grieco, Margaret and Fiona Raje (2004), “Stranded mobility and the marginalisation of low income communities”, presented at the conference on Urban Vulnerability and Network Failure, University of Salford, 29-30 April.
African Economic Outlook 2005/2006