By Annemaree Carroll, Stephen Houghton, Kevin Durkin, John A. Hattie
The information of childrens or even more youthful youngsters committing ever extra severe and violent crimes maintains to surprise and baffle. The escalating mental and social toll of teenybopper crime is being paid by way of all – from sufferers to offenders to folks and siblings to lecturers and to the group as an entire. Adolescent Reputations and Risk seems past conventional theories to envision, from a pretty good empirical foundation, the inducement and values that make a few teens select delinquent over confident habit, leading to effective new insights and attainable recommendations to this ongoing problem.
Synthesizing 15 years of analysis with antisocial formative years, this quantity describes the unstable dynamic of kid and adolescent social worlds, emphasizing attractiveness enhancement and goal-setting as bases underlying deviant habit. In leading edge and obtainable phrases, Adolescent Reputations and Risk:
- Addresses delinquency in the course of the process formative years and adolescence.
- Offers the 1st unique clarification of delinquency through integrating goal-setting and acceptance enhancement theories.
- Provides facts studying deviant developments in goal-setting and attractiveness enhancement phrases between fundamental and highschool students.
- Answers key questions about themes comparable to impulsivity, drug and inhalant use, early-childhood psychopathy, hyperlinks among ADHD and aggression, and the psychology of loners.
- Includes present info on interventions for at-risk formative years, together with kin and faculty tools, cognitive-behavioral treatment, desolate tract and boot camp courses, and interactive multimedia strategies.
This quantity is an important source for medical baby, tuition, and counseling psychologists; social staff; and allied schooling and neighborhood psychological future health execs and practitioners.
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Extra resources for Adolescent Reputations and Risk: Developmental Trajectories to Delinquency
Concluding Comments This chapter has briefly surveyed the construct of at risk and the factors that predispose young persons to this status or protect them from falling into it. A range of theories pertaining to delinquency was also covered, and it was pointed out that whereas all made significant contributions to explaining the involvement of young persons in delinquent activities, none specifically accounted for why some young people deliberately choose to become involved in at-risk and criminal-related activities in order to pursue and subsequently establish a nonconforming reputation.
As performance falters because of the reputation, and as the reputation frames that faltering as a sign of a group-based inferiority, the individual’s expectation about his or her ability and performance drops. This cycle then undermines motivation, effort, and self-efficacy (see also Osborne, 1995, 1997; Osborne, Major, & Crocker, 1992; Hansford & Hattie, 1982). , the United States; cf. Osborne, 1997). , Becker, 1963; Emler, 1983, 1984, 1990; Emler & Reicher, 2005; Goffman, 1972; Gold & Petronio, 1980; West & Farrington, 1977).
Becker, 1963; Emler, 1983, 1984, 1990; Emler & Reicher, 2005; Goffman, 1972; Gold & Petronio, 1980; West & Farrington, 1977). If they wish to claim a delinquent identity, adolescents must be seen to break rules and regulations and become deliberately nonconforming (Hopkins & Emler, 1990). When delinquents accept risks and keep their composure in the face of dangerous, challenging, and daring feats, public proof of character is provided (Goffman, 1972). A delinquent identity requires an audience who shares a subculture (Gold & Petronio, 1980), and an important source of visibility is that delinquent activities are not committed alone but in company (Reicher & Emler, 1986).
Adolescent Reputations and Risk: Developmental Trajectories to Delinquency by Annemaree Carroll, Stephen Houghton, Kevin Durkin, John A. Hattie