By Bruce Mazlish
During this e-book Mazlish examines the ancient origins of sociology, having a look heavily at how what he phrases the "cash nexus"--the omnipresent substitution of cash for private relations--was perceived as altering the character of human relatives within the nineteenth century and resulted in the advance of sociology as a method of facing this . Mazlish additionally considers the breakdown of connections in glossy society: how the orderly 18th century international within which God, humanity, and nature have been heavily attached to each other got here to get replaced with one in all felt disconnection, and the way individualism then got here to be obvious as exchanging a feeling of group in sleek society. He investigates the paintings of a few 19th-century English writers who have been considering this breakdown of connections, together with Adam Smith, William Wordsworth, Edmund Burke, Thomas Carlyle, and especially novelists resembling Benjamin Disraeli, Elizabeth Gaskell, and George Eliot. He additionally explores the impression of Darwin, provides Engels and Marx as precursors of the technology of sociology and discusses at size the key founding figures of contemporary classical sociology: Ferdinand T?nnies, George Simmel, Emile Durkheim, and Max Weber.
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Extra resources for A New Science: The Breakdown of Connections and the Birth of Sociology
6 The sense of the new was epitomized in the Saint-Simonians's vision of the railroads as "connecting" the nations. Overall, the pessimists appear, at least at this remove of time, to have been the dominant voices, deploring the breakdown of connections and the resultant cash-nexus society that had arisen. ) in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century: a sense that bonds between Man and Nature, Man and Man, Man present and Man past have been frayed or broken. The Great Chain What was the presumed state of affairs before the fall into the cash society?
33 In saying this, I do not embrace the view expressed to me by my friend, the British sociologist John Hall, who in rather pixy fashion contends that sociology, or at least British sociology, is mainly a "literary" affair. "34 While many of its roots are in the novel, as I have been arguing, sociology still aspires, and should, to be a new form of science. The Chain and the Web In reviewing the concerns already mentioned, through the eyes of our breakers, lamenters, and sociologists, it is important to highlight an overall shift in conception against which the controversy and analysis was played out.
And here in the heart and haven of capitalism, we are faced with a paradox. The chosen instrument of capitalist economics is, as we shall see further, the contract. The marriage contract is merely an intimate form of such a legal document. Yet, capitalism pushes toward individualism, and personal choice. Its bourgeois exponents thus face the dilemma of having to choose between the impersonal tie of money—the cash nexus, in short—which dominates the market, and the personal tie of affection, which may be an individual choice.
A New Science: The Breakdown of Connections and the Birth of Sociology by Bruce Mazlish