By Manuel De Landa
Manuel DeLanda is a exotic author, artist and thinker.
In his new ebook, he deals a desirable examine how the modern international is characterised by means of a unprecedented social complexity. because so much social entities, from small groups to massive realms, may disappear altogether if human minds ceased to exist, Delanda proposes a unique method of social ontology that announces the autonomy of social entities from the conceptions we have now of them.
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Extra info for A New Philosophy of Society: Assemblage Theory and Social Complexity
Once the problem has been correctly posed the other chapters will attempt to flesh out a solution. 25 2 Assemblages against Essences Essentialism is the main reason offered by many social scientists to justify their rejection of realism. Postulating social entities with an enduring and mind-independent identity, these critics would argue, implies the existence of essences defining that identity. But what exactly are these essences supposed to be? While very few realists today would feel ontologically committed to assert the existence of eternal archetypes, there are subtler forms of essentialism in which essences are introduced when taxonomists reify the general categories produced by their classifications.
Let me illustrate this with two examples at different spatial scales: resource mobilization performed within an organization to change the organization itself, and resource mobilizations performed in a hierarchy of organizations to effect change at the scale of neighbourhoods or entire towns. The first case, interorganizational change, may be illustrated by the need for organizations to keep up with rapid technological developments. Given a correct assessment by people in authority of the opportunities and risks of new technologies, can an organization change fast enough to time internal changes to external pressures?
In other words, is large spatial extension correlated with long temporal duration? The answer is that there is no simple correlation. Interpersonal networks vary in duration: dispersed friendship networks do not endure longer than the persons that compose them, but tightly knit networks of neighbours living in proximity do yield communities that survive the 43 A NEW PHILOSOPHY OF SOCIETY death of their parts. The durability of institutional organizations also varies: on the low side, restaurants have an average life-span of only a few years (a fact that gives them a reputation as the 'fruit-flies' of the organizational world) but some religious, governmental and even economic organizations can last for several centuries.
A New Philosophy of Society: Assemblage Theory and Social Complexity by Manuel De Landa