Read e-book online A Mathematical Tapestry: Demonstrating the Beautiful Unity PDF

By Peter Hilton, Jean Pedersen, Sylvie Donmoyer

ISBN-10:

ISBN-13: 1397805217641

ISBN-10: 0521764106

ISBN-13: 9780521764100

This easy-to-read publication demonstrates how an easy geometric proposal finds attention-grabbing connections and ends up in quantity thought, the maths of polyhedra, combinatorial geometry, and staff concept. utilizing a scientific paper-folding approach it's attainable to build a typical polygon with any variety of facets. This impressive set of rules has ended in fascinating proofs of sure ends up in quantity conception, has been used to respond to combinatorial questions related to walls of area, and has enabled the authors to acquire the formulation for the quantity of a customary tetrahedron in round 3 steps, utilizing not anything extra advanced than easy mathematics and the main hassle-free aircraft geometry. All of those rules, and extra, demonstrate the great thing about arithmetic and the interconnectedness of its numerous branches. specified directions, together with transparent illustrations, allow the reader to realize hands-on adventure developing those versions and to find for themselves the styles and relationships they unearth.

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Additional resources for A Mathematical Tapestry: Demonstrating the Beautiful Unity of Mathematics

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As we implied when constructing the flexagons in Chapter 1, there are at least 2 ways to turn a piece of paper over. 3. Assume the square is a transparent square of plastic. 1 Should you always follow instructions? 3 Two different ways to flip. 4 Showing the result of a move. square; whereas in (b) the orientation of the symbol tells you to flip the square over a vertical axis along the right-hand side of the square. 4 the heavy right-pointing arrow indicates that by performing the move on the left-hand figure (rotating the entire figure 90◦ in a clockwise direction about the right angle), we obtain the right-hand figure.

6(b). You will then believe that the D 2 U 1 -folding procedure produces tape on which the smallest angle does, indeed, approach π7 , actually rather rapidly. You might also try executing the FAT algorithm at every other vertex along the top of this tape to produce a regular 72 -gon. ) How do we prove that this evident convergence actually takes place? 6 Three FAT 7-gons. 5(a) might not have been precisely 2π . 5(b) only approximately π7 ; let us call them π7 + (where may be either positive or negative).

This means, in terms of the folding, that the process will converge to the same limit no matter how we fold the tape to produce the first crease line – this is what justifies our optimistic strategy! And, as we have seen in our examples, and, as we will soon demonstrate in general, the result of the theorem tells us that the convergence of our folding procedure is rapid, since, in all cases, |a| will be a positive power of 2. Let us now look again at the general 1-period folding procedure D n U n .

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A Mathematical Tapestry: Demonstrating the Beautiful Unity of Mathematics by Peter Hilton, Jean Pedersen, Sylvie Donmoyer


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